No. It only targets missiles with homing capabilities. GPB, being a bomb, is not targeted. That is an advantage about it. On the other side, you can notice it's harder to use GPB because of its short lock-on range and because, being a bomb, you cannot launch it when flying inverted. Considering that, it can be really dangerous trying to launch the GPB while being pursued by a defensive fighter.
The bomb may miss the target just like a missile, depending on the situation. That happens to me sometimes when I make a bad bombing approach in that I go way too fast and from a poor attack angle because of someone pursuing me, giving me very little room to bomb the ships. EDIT: I forgot to mention that when this happens, the "MISS" message won't appear despite the fact that it's a homing weapon.